*Disclaimer* Not directed to anyone personally, just my soapbox thought of the day.
*Disclaimer* Not directed to anyone personally, just my soapbox thought of the day.
Fratanization skews the lines of professionalism, causing one to lose objectiveness and grow partial; showing favoritism. Fratanization has to come with the inherent understanding one of you will be thrown under the bus when the “going gets tough”. If you understand the boundaries of this relationship, go for it. BUT, if you are still wet behind the ears and have no clue what you are doing, proceed with caution and know that being in a position of leadership isn’t about saving face and making friends or even enemies. It’s about being fair and honest, impartial. Being in leadership, comes with the harsh truth of not being the most liked person in the room. Don’t sacrifice the “little people”, your grunts, for fantastic rapport and inappropriate relationships with fellow leadership and vice versa. Remain neutral.
*Disclaimer* This is not directed to anyone personally. It is, however, my soapbox thought of the day.
I’m working on my next blog, stay tuned over the next few days, I will be discussing Protein.
When discussing micronutrients and macronutrients in regards to both athletes as well as sedentary individuals and their role in disease prevention we must first outline what micronutrients and macronutrients are. Macronutrients are proteins, carbohydrates, and fats, while micronutrients are vitamins, minerals, and trace elements (Micronutrients and micronutrients, n.d.). We also cannot forget to touch on water requirements. These are all necessary in order to promote growth and development and regulate body processes.
In regards to micronutrients and athletes, calcium, vitamin D, B vitamins, iron, zinc, magnesium, and antioxidants such as vitamins C and E, B carotene, and selenium are all found to be of concern and lacking. Athletes who often restrict energy intake or have severe weight loss practices, eliminate one or more of the food groups from their diet, or who consume unbalanced and low micronutrient- dense diets are at the greatest risk for poor micronutrient intake. A wide variety of athletes can fall into this category such as gymnasts, body builders, and even endurance athletes like runners. It is recommended that this population of athlete take a daily multivitamin as well as a mineral supplement (Rodriguez, DiMarco, & Langley, 2010). However, if the athlete is eating a well balanced diet a supplement is not needed (Jeukendrup & Gleeson, 2010). It is important to note that “…use of vitamin and mineral supplements does not improve performance in individuals consuming nutritionally adequate diets” (Rodriguez, DiMarco, & Langley, 2010).
Calcium, potassium, fiber, magnesium, and vitamins A (as carotenoids), C, and E are micronutrients that are lacking and of concern in the average sedentary adult (Chapter 2: Adequate nutrients within calorie needs, 2008). “Many Americans consume more calories than they need without meeting recommended intakes for a number of nutrients. This circumstance means that most people need to choose meals and snacks that are high in nutrients but low to moderate in energy content; that is, meeting nutrient recommendations must go hand in hand with keeping calories under control” (Chapter 2: Adequate nutrients within calorie needs, 2008). It is recommended that the average adult consume a well balanced diet in order to obtain optimal micronutrient intake by consuming a variety of nutrient-dense foods and beverages within the basic food groups while choosing foods that limit the intake of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, added sugars, salt, and alcohol (Chapter 2: Adequate nutrients within calorie needs, 2008).
When discussing macronutrients and athletes, it is recommended that athletes consume a diet composed of a wide variety of foods in order to cover their energy expenditures. 60-70% of daily intake should come from carbohydrates, 12-15% should come from protein, and the remainder from fats (Williams, 1995). “The higher carbohydrate intakes, however, are only recommended during preparation for, and immediate recovery from, heavy training and competition. Adopting nutritional strategies to increase muscle and liver glycogen stores before, during and after exercise can improve performance. The protein requirements of most athletes are fulfilled when their daily intake is between 1.2 and 1.7 g per kg body mass. This amount of protein is provided by a diet which covers the athlete’s daily energy expenditure. Although fat metabolism contributes to energy production during exercise, and the amount increases with endurance training, there is no evidence to suggest that athletes should increase their fat intake as a means of improving their performance” (Williams, 1995).
The recommendation of macronutrients in the average sedentary adult are: 45-65% carbohydrates, 20-35% fat, and 10-35% protein. According to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) “…is the range associated with reduced risk for chronic diseases, while providing essential nutrients like vitamins and minerals. People whose diet is outside the AMDR have the potential of increasing their risk of developing a disease of nutritional deficiency. A diet that is balanced in its macronutrient distribution is recommended for lasting weight loss because unbalanced nutrient profiles may increase the risk of adverse health consequences” (The Weight Watchers Research Department, 2011).
Water intake for athletes varies based on the duration and intensity exercise as well as the environmental factors like temperature and humidity. An athlete as well as the average everyday gym goer should hydrate before (2-3 cups of water w/in 2 hours of your workout), during (a cup of water every 15 minutes), and after (2-3 cups for each pound lost during exercise) exercise (Quinn, 2014). Another good tip is to weigh yourself before and after exercise in order to ensure you are hydrating enough post workout. Individuals who are training regularly as well as the average individual needs between one half and one whole ounce of water (or other fluids) for each pound of body weight per day (Quinn, 2014; Shaw, 2009). In order to determine a baseline range for water intake, we can make use of the following formula:
Low end of range= Body weight (lbs) x 0.5 = (ounces of fluid/day)
High end of range=Body weight (lbs) x 1 = (ounces of fluid/day) (Quinn, 2014)
Water is vital. Water transports nutrients to the body as well as it helps to remove harmful toxins from the body, it serves as a lubricant in digestion, and it helps to regulate body temperature (The importance of water and your health, n.d.).
In the end, we have covered micronutrient as well as macronutrient and water intake for athletes as well as the average sedentary individual. This post is highly informative and it outlines exactly what I would recommend to an athlete as well as average client. I believe that by eating a well balanced diet that spans the food groups that we can meet the recommended daily intake with no issues. It is one of my pet peeves being asked by the clerks at GNC or another supplement store if I plan to take a multi-vitamin with the supplement I am purchasing (before children I used to be a thermogenic guru), I believe that we can get everything we need from a healthy diet.
Chapter 2: Adequate nutrients within calorie needs. (2008, July 9). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from Office of Disease and Health Promotion: http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2005/document/html/chapter2.htm
Jeukendrup, A., & Gleeson, M. (2010). Recommendation’s for micronutrient intake in athletes. Retrieved November 19, 2014, from Human Kinetics: http://www.humankinetics.com/products/all-products/Sport-Nutrition—2nd-Edition
Micronutrients and micronutrients. (n.d.). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from UNICEF: http://www.unicef.org/nutrition/training/2.1/5.html
Quinn, E. (2014, June 3). How much water should you drink? Retrieved November 19, 2014, from About Health: http://sportsmedicine.about.com/od/hydrationandfluid/qt/How-Much-Water-Should-You-Drink.htm
Rodriguez, N., DiMarco, N., & Langley, S. (2010, March 1). Nutrition and athletic performance . Retrieved November 19, 2014, from Medscape Multispecialty: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/717046_8
Shaw, G. (2009, July 7). Water and your diet: Staying slim and regular with H2O. Retrieved November 19, 2014, from WebMD: http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/water-for-weight-loss-diet?page=1
The importance of water and your health. (n.d.). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from Free Drinking Water: http://www.freedrinkingwater.com/water-education/water-health.htm
The Weight Watchers Research Department. (2011, April 15). Macronutrient recommendations. Retrieved November 19, 2014, from Weight Watchers: http://www.weightwatchers.com/util/art/index_art.aspx?tabnum=1&art_id=20921
Williams, C. (1995). Macronutrients and performance. Journal of Sports Sciences , 1-10.
In order to get this party started, I would like to invite you to join me for a 30 day Squat Challenge, starting April 1. Each week you will receive a new challenge personally emailed to you along with tips to improve your squat and reap max benefits! To register email email@example.com.
BONUS: Submit before and after photo’s to be entered to win a $30 Lululemon Gift Card. Winner will be chosen at random, before photo’s must be submitted NLT 11:59 pm CST April 1 and after photos NLT 11:59 pm CST May 1. Email submissions to firstname.lastname@example.org (photos, email addresses, and personal information will not be shared unless permission has been obtained).
Disclaimer: Not all exercise programs are suitable for everyone. Check with your doctor before beginning any fitness program to avoid/reduce the risk of injury. Perform these exercises at your own risk. Jenna will not be responsible or liable for any injury sustained as a result of using any fitness program presented and/or discussed on the The Fit Trophy Wife blog, The Fit Trophy Wife Facebook page, via email communications or in video format.
I’m a daughter of the King, a wife, mother of 2, Air Force Veteran, and professional health and wellness guru. Writing, health, wellness, and fitness are my passions and I want to share them with you. I’m setting out on a journey to make my career my own, following my own path while I work on my doctorate, and setting the stage for greater things to come. I’ve never gotten anywhere in life without stepping out on faith and out of my comfort zone.
I consider myself a Trophy Wife, not because I’m a dependent, well kept woman, but because Proverbs 31 says an excellent wife is far more precious than jewels. I stand beside my husband, putting God first in our lives. The old definition of Trophy Wife has fallen by the wayside and been replaced with more of a “power couple” stigma. I want compliment my husband, pushing eachother to be the best we can be.
This is just a small snipit about me. I look forward to getting to know my readers, building my blog, and forging my own path in life and my career!